The characteristics of a citizenship desert as a nonplace are: Being 1. present (corporeal/physical) 2. present (time) 3. present (visibility)
1. A presence that is corporeal, as noncitizens are bodies to be counted, moved, rescued, fed, as less-than citizens; 2. A state-of-now, in the present, as noncitizens have no past and no future; 3. A visibility that makes their presence apparent to see and monitor, yet easily ignored.